Medicinal products including drugs (capsules, pills, tablets and supplements), semi-solid drugs (suspensions and syrups), sterile liquids (nasal, ophthalmic and oral), topical applications (creams, ointments, gels, pastes and powders) and injectables (subcutaneous, intramuscular and intravenous) are subjected to stringent manufacturing processes and trials before they are finally availed into the market for treatment and management of diseases and other health conditions. One of the most important processes is formulation development, a pharmaceutical formulation process undertaken by pharmaceutical scientists. It involves studying and determining how different chemical substances need to be combined with an active medicinal element to produce a specific medicinal product that is eventually released into the market.
It is through formulation that pharmaceutical scientists determine a medicinal product’s particle size, solubility, PH and polymorphism. All these factors have an effect on a medicinal product’s bio-availability, which informs its activity level once in the body. Development of medicinal product formulation usually starts with pre - formulation, a process that involves determining the characteristics of a medicinal product to be manufactured. It is in this process that pharmaceutical scientists determine the physical, mechanical and chemical properties that an intended medicinal product must conform to. Determining these factors informs on the type of ingredients to be used in addition to the active medicinal ingredient. In most cases, medicinal products only contain between 5% and 10% of active ingredient. About 90% of any medication is largely made up of lubricants, binders, coating, integrands and fillers.
Although medicinal products are usually made available for clinical trials soon after they are manufactured, formulation studies are usually not complete by then. Medications used in clinical trials are therefore simple formulations. Those used in the last phase of clinical trials (usually phase III) are usually made available after formulation studies are over. This means that the medications are released into the market once a clinical trial has proved successful and approved. Pharmaceutical manufacturers are however obligated to show proof that their final medicinal products conform to scientifically set temperature, oxidation and humidity limits.
Pharmaceutical manufacturers do not only undertake the development of medicinal development; they provide other very critical services to their clients. In any case, medicinal products already released are continuously improved, which literally means that formulation studies for the purpose of improving such medications are usually on course. Other services that the manufacturers provide include formulation of new chemical elements that are used as ingredients and development of dosage forms amongst other services.
A Sweet 16 birthday party is the highlight of many teenager's young lives. There is a lot that needs to go into the planning of such a bash. The girls need to find just the right dresses, the guys need to make sure their outfit is perfect as well. Then one has to consider invitations, decorations, food, and entertainment.
The first thing to think about is the theme of the party. Many families decide on a theme that represents the birthday boy or girl. This may be school oriented such as sports or perhaps a hobby such as music. Once the theme is determined, then everything else can fall into place. The invitations will usually come next. These can be elaborate, printed professionally as would be wedding invitations. They could also be done at home on a personal computer. The invitations are normally delivered in person in a manner that goes along with the theme of the party. For example, if the theme was football, then the invites could be delivered by a football player and a cheerleader from the school.
Next the thoughts should turn to decorations, food, and entertainment. Using the football example above, some examples of decorations would be flooring to resemble a football field complete with yard lines and goal posts. There could be bleachers brought in to serve as seating for the guests. Food could be served at concession stands and some examples would be hot dogs, popcorn, candy, and soda. The entertainment and music could be provided by a band for some of the time. A DJ may be brought in to provide dance music.
The right attire the guest of honor chooses to wear at their Sweet 16 party will depend on personal taste. The dresses most girls choose to wear are elaborate and do not necessarily represent the theme of the party. Boys, on the other hand, may choose to dress in accordance with the underlying party idea.
In the early days of modular homes people had very little enthusiasm for these factory made homes and with good reason. They were boxy, plain and with very little esthetic appeal. Very few people wanted to live in these houses which were largely seen as being devoid of style and design and were simply functional. In recent times however, companies like DRA Living which offers NC modular homes and other such companies across the country are building beautiful homes which rival the finest of traditionally built houses.
Many people across the country are beginning to see the light when it comes to modular homes. Modular homes have so evolved in terms of the detailed design that go into each home that people are unable to tell the difference between a modular home and a traditional one. In fact, many modular homes design quality far exceed those of the traditionally built homes because it is cheaper to construct. Modular houses are constructed on an assembly line much like a car or other factory made products. It is then transported to the site to be installed unto the foundation that has been prepared. The entire process from the beginning of construction to delivery and installation takes a matter of days in most cases.
With all the improvements that have been made in the construction of modular houses, many people believe this method of home construction will be the primary way in which homes will be built in the future. Since this kind of construction offers to the consumer beautiful, custom designed homes at relatively low costs in a much shorter time, why wouldn't modular homes be the wave of the future? Imagine being able to design your home and then have it delivered to your property in a matter of days, fully functional with electricity and plumbing upon installment. This is what is possible with modular homes.
Sterling silver is always in style, but it is also expensive. Buying cheaper versions that look a lot like silver is a great way to save money on silver-toned pieces. Nickel plated, pewter pieces, and silver-plated copper wire are all great alternatives to buying silver and still produce a great sheen under natural lighting.
Pewter is a metallic alloy. It is composed of copper, antimony, and other metals. Its easy malleability makes it a perfect choice for jewelry-makers and artisans.
Nickel-plated items are any metallic wire (frequently copper) that is plated in a nickel overlay. This achieves a stunning effect for a much nicer price tag than real silver.
Silver-plated copper wire is self-explanatory -- it is copper wire that
has been plated in silver to look like sterling silver at a fraction of
Where to Find Pieces
- Many jewelry and accessory stores already carry pewter, silver-plated copper wire, and nickel-plated items. A simple price comparison can show you the price differentials in these metals to sterling silver.
- Vintage stores often offer these metals; look for the pieces already set with beautiful gems for added value and appeal.
- Artisan shops and other local stores may carry sterling silver lookalikes.
- Local farmers markets, craft fairs and flea markets are all great locations to search for these items; an added benefit is that you will be directly stimulating your local economy.
If you absolutely love finding free stuff on the internet, you've got to check out Win Prizes Online. They might not have the biggest quantity of freebies lying around on their site, but that's because they limit their selection to the highest quality offers of free stuff, and not garbage offers that make you jump through hoops. Enjoy and let us know if you get any really sweet freebies!